It is always a good idea to have your eyes checked regularly by an eye doctor, even if you don’t think you have any problems. Some common eye problems can develop without causing any symptoms, so you might not even realize there is a problem until it is too late. Ophthalmology Jacksonville, FL is an essential medical branch that diagnoses, treats, and prevents eye diseases.
An ophthalmologist is a medical doctor who specializes in eye and vision care. Ophthalmologists can provide routine care, such as vision testing, and diagnose and treat more severe problems. They also write prescriptions for glasses and contact lenses.
Here are some nine common eye problems that warrant a visit to Wolchok Eye Associates, PA, to see the eye doctor:
1. Age-related macular degeneration
It is a common problem for older adults, and it is the leading cause of vision loss in people over age 50. Macular degeneration happens when the small central part of the retina (the macula) starts to deteriorate. It can cause blurry or distorted vision. Seniors need to get their eyes checked more often as they age.
A cataract is a clouding of the eye’s lens, and it is one of the most common causes of vision problems in older adults. Cataracts usually develop slowly and are initially treated with new glasses or contact lenses. If they get worse, surgery may be needed to remove the cloudy lens and replace it with an artificial one.
Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that can damage the optic nerve, carrying information from the eye to the brain. It is usually caused by high pressure in the eye. Glaucoma can lead to vision loss and even blindness if it is not treated.
4. Diabetic retinopathy
Diabetic retinopathy is a common complication of diabetes. It happens when high blood sugar levels damage the blood vessels in the retina. Diabetic retinopathy can cause vision loss or blindness when untreated. Some of the symptoms include floaters, blurred vision, and dark spots.
5. Dry eyes
Dry eyes occur when the eyes don’t produce enough tears or the tears evaporate too quickly. It can cause irritation, redness, and a burning sensation. It can also lead to more severe problems such as corneal ulcers.
Conjunctivitis, or pink eye, is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, the clear membrane covering the white part of the eye. A bacterial or viral infection usually causes it. Conjunctivitis can be contagious, so it is essential to see the doctor if you think you have it.
7. Eyelid problems
Eyelid problems can be caused by some things, including allergies, infection, and tumors. They can also signify another underlying problem, such as diabetes or autoimmune disease. Eyelid problems can cause symptoms such as pain, redness, swelling, and discharge.
8. Vision problems
Many different vision problems can occur. Some common ones include nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism. Vision problems can usually be corrected with glasses or contact lenses.
9. Watery eyes
Watery eyes can be a sign of an infection or allergy. A blocked tear duct can also cause them. If your tear duct is blocked, tears can build up in the eye and cause watery eyes.
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, make an appointment with your eye doctor.