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How Website Design Can Be Improvised with HTML5 and CSS3

4 Mins read

HTML5 is the current Hypertext Markup Language version, the code describing web pages. Actually, it’s three different types of code. HTML that provides structure, CSS or the Cascading Style Sheets that handle presentation, and JavaScript that makes things happen. 

What’s so great about HTML5 is that it’s been designed to deliver almost anything that you want to perform on the web without having to add software like browser plugins. It does everything, from music to movies, animation to applications, and could be used also for building amazingly complex apps running in the browser. 

CSS3 is the latest of the Cascading Style Sheets language, which aims in extending CSS2. With it are several novelties that are long-anticipated, including gradients, rounded corners, animations, shadows, grid layouts, columns, and new layouts. It lets you have more focus on the presentation side of the site, leaving HTML for the structure in general. 

Moreover, it offers the latest color, font, and different background and borders.

Improvise a Web Design with HTML5 and CSS3

A React JS development company could boost the web design and code a professional and vibrant web layout with HTML5 and CSS3. 

The role of HTML5 and CSS3 in Web Designing

While HTML5 plays a critical role in web design, there’s so much reliance on CSS3 for animation and interactivity. This would make the website or web app stand out and make its distinct identity. The following are two major benefits of the two languages for web design and development. 

Here are the major benefits and the role played by these two languages for your web development, whether you want to hire ReactJS developers from India for your website requirements

  • Search Engine Ranking – a website that’s well-designed adheres to the semantics and coding standard and would be able to get higher search engine ranks. The quality and usability of content go hand-in-hand as far as page rankings are concerned. You could achieve this with HTML5 and CSS3. 
  • Offline Browsing – HTML furthermore facilitates code storing locally all throughout the app of offline cache. This boosts the performance of the webpage and aids businesses to deliver an offline experience of the product via the web page as well. 
  • Multi-platform Support – one could build web apps or web pages that are device or browser independent with the help of a combination of HTML5 and CSS3. Some specific techniques ensure that the site will work effectively on all browsers. 
  • Multi Media Support – The manipulation after multimedia content embedding is made possible with HTML video and audio elements. The features added, such as the WebRTC, camera API, WebVTT, and track boost the user experience. 
  • Improved Design. CSS enables web design professionals in a ReactJS development company for instance use the new features, including background features, fancy borders, animation, typography improvement, as well as other presentational layouts, which result in creating cleaner webpages that look appealing as well. Furthermore, there’s more flexibility in web design when you choose CSS. 
  • Geo Location Tagging – Geo-location is made possible via HTML, which assist developers to build based on locations, like food and eCommerce websites

Website Design with HTML5 and CSS3

1. Layout Planning

The first step is knowing what you want on it and how you want the design to look. Do a rough sketch first, on paper or on the computer, you decide which is easier. 

C:\Users\Llesol-Family\Documents\html1.png

2. Set up the ‘boilerplate code’.

It’s time to get the basic code you have at the beginning of any site, called commonly as the boilerplate. Do this through:

– making a new folder on your computer for the site

– build empty new index.html as well as style.css files inside

– add basic ‘boilerplate code’ to the index.html file:

C:\Users\Llesol-Family\Documents\html2.png

3. Build layout elements

It’s time to create the layout/section elements you planned in step one. The best way to do this is the use of semantic elements, such as the <header>, the <main>, the <section>, and the <footer>. 

This is the HTML:

C:\Users\Llesol-Family\Documents\html3.png
C:\Users\Llesol-Family\Documents\html4.png

Take note that we’re giving the <section>s ids so we could refer to them later on. When reloading the page, you’ll see nothing. This is because we’re just making the page sections, not the actual stuff in them. 

4. Filling the HTML content

When you have the page sections, fill them up. If you know the content you’re using, put that in. Otherwise, put in several dummy texts and replace later with the actual content. This is the HTML after content is filled up:

C:\Users\Llesol-Family\Documents\html5.png
C:\Users\Llesol-Family\Documents\html6.png
C:\Users\Llesol-Family\Documents\html7.png

If you reload content, you’ll see that now we got content!

C:\Users\Llesol-Family\Documents\html8.png
C:\Users\Llesol-Family\Documents\html9.png

5. Adding a few basic CSS layout

When we’re done with HTML, now we move to CSS. The most important part is to first focus on making it look like the layout, and we could focus on details later. 

C:\Users\Llesol-Family\Documents\html10.png
C:\Users\Llesol-Family\Documents\html11.png
C:\Users\Llesol-Family\Documents\html12.png

Here, we are just adding styles to make the overall layout appear the same; not the individual content. We make certain the sections are set to 100 percent viewpoint height, make a fixed position for the header, and position the header items among others. Also, we use flexboxes to center contents in the sections. 

The result:

C:\Users\Llesol-Family\Documents\html13.png

6. Adding more specific styles

Once the basic framework of the website is finished, more specific styles could be added. We can make the site look great. This is the CSS:

C:\Users\Llesol-Family\Documents\html14.png
C:\Users\Llesol-Family\Documents\html15.png
C:\Users\Llesol-Family\Documents\html16.png

As you see, they made the title larger, rounded the image and changed the font. Also, we removed several default styling from the header links. The result is this:

C:\Users\Llesol-Family\Documents\html17.png

7. Adding backgrounds and colors

We’re almost through. Now, it’s time to add the finishing touches to the website—backgrounds and colors, which would make our website look awesome. The CSS is this:

C:\Users\Llesol-Family\Documents\html18.png
C:\Users\Llesol-Family\Documents\html19.png
C:\Users\Llesol-Family\Documents\html20.png
C:\Users\Llesol-Family\Documents\html21.png

We have added several general background styles to section elements, and add a background-image individually to every section. 

C:\Users\Llesol-Family\Documents\html22.png

Now, you’ve made a website with a great design. 

Conclusion

The steps above are not about the actual technical aspects of building a website. It’s more on guiding you through the thought-process of creating and designing a website. Now, you could greatly improve the design of your brand’s website with CSS3 and HTML5.